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Breastfeeding and african americans

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#1 Breastfeeding and african americans

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Breastfeeding and african americans

An erratum has been published for this report. To view the erratum, please click here. Perrine, PhD 1 View author affiliations. Over the past decade, national estimates of breastfeeding initiation and duration have consistently improved among both non-Hispanic black black and non-Hispanic white white infants; however, differences in breastfeeding rates by race have persisted. Differences in breastfeeding Asian artist emily fremont between black and white infants vary by state, and rates are lower among blacks in most states. Breastfeeding initiation rates were significantly lower among black infants in 23 states; in 14 of these states, the difference was at least 15 percentage points. A significant difference of at least 10 percentage points in exclusive breastfeeding through 6 months was found between black and white infants in 12 states, and at 12 months of breastfeeding in 22 states. To increase the rate of breastfeeding among black infants, interventions are needed to address barriers experienced disproportionately by black mothers, including earlier return to work, inadequate receipt Wife blowjob swallow breastfeeding information from providers, and lack of access to professional breastfeeding support. Enhanced understanding of these barriers could improve the effectiveness of interventions. Breastfeeding provides numerous health benefits for infants and mothers alike. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for approximately the first 6 months of life and continued breastfeeding with complementary foods through at least the first year 1. National estimates Breastfeeding and african americans substantial differences between non-Hispanic black black and non-Hispanic white white infants across breastfeeding indicators in the United States 2. CDC analyzed — National Immunization Survey NIS data for children born during — to describe breastfeeding initiation, Cordless drill straps Breastfeeding and african americans 6 months and duration at 12 months among black and white infants. A significant difference of at least 10...

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August marks national breastfeeding awareness month, and although overall national breastfeeding rates are on the rise, breastfeeding rates for African American mothers are significantly lower than other racial groups. The benefits for both mother and baby are numerous, yet some new mothers are hesitant to do so, especially in the African American community. Why are African American women less likely to breastfeed compared to their white counterparts? A persistent discrepancy exists between African American mothers and mothers of other races who breastfeed. African American mothers have been lagging behind their white counterparts for years when it comes to breastfeeding. Multiple factors in the African American community may play a role in these discrepancies. Lower breastfeeding rates among African American women begin with education, or lack thereof. Hunter-Scott, who was a mother who extensively researched breastfeeding when she was pregnant, is correct regarding the lack of education during the perinatal period affecting overall breastfeeding rates. According to the CDC, some hospitals within African American communities are failing to fully support breastfeeding. In a CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , ten indicators that show hospitals are supporting breastfeeding were evaluated showing that hospitals in zip codes with more than a Often times we see that she is the only woman in her family that has chosen to breastfeed. A two-time mother, Hunter-Scott breastfed both of her sons—the eldest for one year and the youngest for seven months. She credits the support of her mother, sisters, and husband during that time. Although Hunter-Scott had the support of her family and nearly six months of maternity leave , she can see how a mother not having support or having a short maternity leave can negatively affect breastfeeding rates in the African American community. Negative cultural influences in the African American community about...

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Here's what Black Moms Breastfeed is doing about it. When it comes to breastfeeding, there is a drastic racial disparity: Black mothers are less likely than White mothers to breastfeed their children. For starters, hospitals in Black communities do not promote nursing as much as those in white communities. But it's also about visibility. Black moms and babies aren't portrayed in maternity advertising and marketing as often as White moms and babies. And the same is true on social media. A little more than a year ago, I noticed that most of the popular maternity and new mom Instagram accounts depicted very few women of color. Clearly, there needed to be more of an equal representation of women who breastfeed. When you don't see yourself reflected in the mainstream media, you have to create your own platforms. So I created Black Moms Breastfeed. Breastfeeding is, of course, about more than beautiful imagery; it's about our babies' health. The United States has a higher infant mortality rate than any of the other 27 wealthy countries, at 6. That number for Black infants is a staggering This is a socioeconomic crisis that is clearly not due to a lack of breastfeeding alone. But it is estimated that we can save 1. As a global public health recommendation, infants should be entirely breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve the best possible health, growth, and development. In recent years, breastfeeding rates have risen without question, with some of the greatest improvements being in the Black community. According to the latest official report from the CDC the percentage of Black women who chose to breastfeed increased from But while that is a fantastic improvement, breastfeeding statistics show that compared to other races, the Black community is still lagging: Researchers...

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The movement to normalize breastfeeding in this country has generated positive results, but a racial gap in breastfeeding rates persists. That is good news for both babies and mothers, as breastfeeding yields significant health benefits, such as a lower risk of asthma and childhood leukemia for children, and a lower risk of gynecological cancers and osteoporosis for mothers. But the data suggest that US mothers require more support in order to continue breastfeeding. Among US-born children in , only 49 percent were still breastfeeding at six months; and at 12 months, only 27 percent of those babies were still breastfeeding. Black mothers may need more, targeted support to start and continue breastfeeding. In order to increase breastfeeding rates, and the health benefits that derive from breastfeeding, African American mothers require systemic change to accomplish three essential tasks: The World Health Organization WHO recommends that women who are able to do so breastfeed for at least the first two years of life. Breastfeeding also has positive effects on cognitive development that increase with longer breastfeeding durations. Author and breastfeeding advocate Kimberly Seals Allers, the project director of the First Food Friendly Community Initiative , insists that the normalization of breastfeeding in the Black community is a matter of life and death. The power of breastfeeding is also crucial to the health of Black mothers. The National Cancer Institute reports that white women are more likely to get breast cancer, but Black women are more likely to die from the disease. Black women also have higher rates of cervical cancer and the highest death rate from this disease. However, the all-cause ovarian cancer mortality in Black women is 1. Breast milk is also a contributor to greater financial health a significant bonus given that Black women earn 77 cents for every dollar...

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This article's aim is to review the literature on racial and ethnic disparities in breastfeeding rates and practices, address barriers to breastfeeding among minority women, conduct a systematic review of breastfeeding interventions, and provide obstetrician-gynecologists with recommendations on how they can help increase rates among minority women. In order to do so, the literature of racial and ethnic disparities in breastfeeding rates and barriers among minority women was reviewed, and a systematic review of breastfeeding interventions among minority women on PubMed and MEDLINE was conducted. Racial and ethnic minority women continue to have lower breastfeeding rates than white women and are not close to meeting the Healthy People goals. Minority women report many barriers to breastfeeding. Major efforts are still needed to improve breastfeeding initiation and duration rates among minority women in the United States. Obstetrician-gynecologists have a unique opportunity to promote and support breastfeeding through their clinical practices and public policy, and their efforts can have a meaningful impact on the future health of the mother and child. I t is well established that breastfeeding is beneficial for the mother, baby, and society; however, the proportion of mothers breastfeeding in the United States is disappointing. Department of Health and Human Services sets forth national breastfeeding objectives for women every decade. The Healthy People initiative set the following goals for breastfeeding: Based on the more ambitious Healthy People objectives, the gap has grown even wider between breastfeeding outcomes and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention goals Table 1. Mothers with lower rates of breastfeeding tend to be young, low-income, African American, unmarried, less educated, participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children WIC , overweight or obese before pregnancy, and more likely to report their pregnancy was unintended. Breastfeeding is beneficial to almost all mothers and infants,...

Breastfeeding and african americans

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Aug 4, - When it comes to breastfeeding, there is a drastic racial disparity: Black mothers are less likely than White mothers to breastfeed their children. Jul 14, - CDC report finds difference in breastfeeding rates in the U.S. between black and white infants remains substantial. Apr 30, - From –, the percentage of women who initiated breastfeeding went up from % to % for blacks, and % to % for.

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